Lawmakers Clash Over Regulation of Stablecoins

House lawmakers took part in a contentious debate over how stablecoins should be regulated at a hearing held by the Financial Services Committee’s digital assets panel—where there were also some hopeful signs from both sides. At the heart of the debate on May 16 was the level of involvement of state regulators and the Federal Reserve. Rep. French Hill (R-Ark.), who chairs the Subcommittee on Digital Assets, supports legislation that gives more power to state regulators, while Rep. Maxine Waters (D-Calif.), the ranking Democrat on the overall committee, advocates for a leading role for the Federal Reserve in the Democratic proposal.  Hill challenged a previous notion put forth by Waters that yielding oversight to the states would be a step backwards in establishing a clear legal framework. “We’re not starting from scratch,” Hill said. “The similarities between the two proposals are strong, and that’s why we’re not that far apart.” Still, Waters argued that “several critical positions” are missing from the Republican proposal, leading to a further divide between the parties. Amid the volatile cryptocurrency markets, stablecoins are meant to be a safe haven. They also hold bipartisan appeal as an accessible and less expensive way to conduct monetary transactions outside of the traditional financial system and internationally. Tether—the largest U.S. stablecoin—and Circle, are digital assets tied to the value of the U.S. dollar and play a significant role in the cryptocurrency market. Both Republicans and Democrats share common goals of protecting consumers and preserving the global role of the U.S. dollar. Regulating dollar-denominated stablecoins within the United States could contribute to achieving these objectives. While the crypto industry eagerly awaits U.S. regulations, many are encouraged by the multiple congressional hearings dedicated to stablecoins and cryptocurrencies in recent weeks. A compromise on stablecoin regulation would be a significant first step toward establishing oversight of the industry in the United States. U.S. Rep.-elect French Hill (R-Ark.) delivers remarks in the House Chamber during the third day of elections for Speaker of the House at the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington on Jan. 5, 2023. (Win McNamee/Getty Images) University of Hong Kong economist Douglas Arner authored a paper for the Bank of International Settlements in 2020 calling for “an appropriate registration or licensing regime.” The paper argued that regulatory clarity is beneficial to crypto entrepreneurs who are focused on long-term prospects within the sector. However, any legislation needs to pass through the Senate Banking Committee, chaired by Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio). So far, Brown has not shown any inclination to move forward with a bill. In addition to stablecoins, Hill has also weighed in on the topic of a digital dollar. Together with Rep. Jake Auchincloss (D-Mass.), Hill introduced a bipartisan bill to prohibit the Federal Reserve from issuing a government-backed digital currency. “Uncle Sam is going to use a central bank digital currency to surveil where they’re spending their money and how much, and ultimately block them from using the banking and payments system,” Hill said. Recently, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a bill that bans any U.S. central bank digital currency (CBDCs) from being considered legal tender in the state, further highlighting the ongoing discussions surrounding digital currencies in various jurisdictions.

Lawmakers Clash Over Regulation of Stablecoins

House lawmakers took part in a contentious debate over how stablecoins should be regulated at a hearing held by the Financial Services Committee’s digital assets panel—where there were also some hopeful signs from both sides.

At the heart of the debate on May 16 was the level of involvement of state regulators and the Federal Reserve.

Rep. French Hill (R-Ark.), who chairs the Subcommittee on Digital Assets, supports legislation that gives more power to state regulators, while Rep. Maxine Waters (D-Calif.), the ranking Democrat on the overall committee, advocates for a leading role for the Federal Reserve in the Democratic proposal. 

Hill challenged a previous notion put forth by Waters that yielding oversight to the states would be a step backwards in establishing a clear legal framework.

“We’re not starting from scratch,” Hill said. “The similarities between the two proposals are strong, and that’s why we’re not that far apart.”

Still, Waters argued that “several critical positions” are missing from the Republican proposal, leading to a further divide between the parties.

Amid the volatile cryptocurrency markets, stablecoins are meant to be a safe haven. They also hold bipartisan appeal as an accessible and less expensive way to conduct monetary transactions outside of the traditional financial system and internationally.

Tether—the largest U.S. stablecoin—and Circle, are digital assets tied to the value of the U.S. dollar and play a significant role in the cryptocurrency market. Both Republicans and Democrats share common goals of protecting consumers and preserving the global role of the U.S. dollar. Regulating dollar-denominated stablecoins within the United States could contribute to achieving these objectives.

While the crypto industry eagerly awaits U.S. regulations, many are encouraged by the multiple congressional hearings dedicated to stablecoins and cryptocurrencies in recent weeks. A compromise on stablecoin regulation would be a significant first step toward establishing oversight of the industry in the United States.

Epoch Times Photo
U.S. Rep.-elect French Hill (R-Ark.) delivers remarks in the House Chamber during the third day of elections for Speaker of the House at the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington on Jan. 5, 2023. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)

University of Hong Kong economist Douglas Arner authored a paper for the Bank of International Settlements in 2020 calling for “an appropriate registration or licensing regime.” The paper argued that regulatory clarity is beneficial to crypto entrepreneurs who are focused on long-term prospects within the sector.

However, any legislation needs to pass through the Senate Banking Committee, chaired by Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio). So far, Brown has not shown any inclination to move forward with a bill.

In addition to stablecoins, Hill has also weighed in on the topic of a digital dollar. Together with Rep. Jake Auchincloss (D-Mass.), Hill introduced a bipartisan bill to prohibit the Federal Reserve from issuing a government-backed digital currency.

“Uncle Sam is going to use a central bank digital currency to surveil where they’re spending their money and how much, and ultimately block them from using the banking and payments system,” Hill said.

Recently, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a bill that bans any U.S. central bank digital currency (CBDCs) from being considered legal tender in the state, further highlighting the ongoing discussions surrounding digital currencies in various jurisdictions.